eFlyer Questions or Submissions:

SAVE THE DATE! CADC’s 25th Annual Conference and Seminar
March 23 and 24, 2018
 , at the SFO Bayfront HiltonDon’t miss a sure-to-be exciting keynote address by Boalt Professor Avani Mehta Sood, J.D., Ph.D., on the psychology of legal decision-making and other intriguing topics. Friday afternoon, March 23, 2018.


Feline Battlestation. 

In this month's edition of "Appellate Battlestations," where we look at the work setups that help appellate lawyers do their magic, we see attorney BR's legal assistant Isis, who appears to have captured a mouse.  Send your battlestation submissions (and/or pet pics) to


Complete Equity Markets, which provides malpractice insurance to some CADC members (more details on that below), wanted to mention that the correct place to apply for a policy covering only non-appointed/non-panel work is

CADC and Lexis have negotiated a 40 percent discount on three different plans for CADC members. For information about rates and plans, please call 800-227-4908 and say that you are a member of CADC. You will be given the contact information for your local representative. If you already know who your local sales rep is, you can contact him or her directly; be sure to say you are a member of CADC and want to take advantage of our group discount.

This discount is not available to anyone who is currently in a contract with Lexis. Once your contract expires, you will be free to take advantage of the group rate.

The CADC Briefbank has arguments, ideas, and samples that address many of the common issues of indigent appellate practice. If you haven't tried it out, please do. The Briefbank Committee volunteers are on call to help you. Just post your question to the Briefbank forum. If you are one of the many contributors - thank you! Keep up the good work!

One of the benefits of becoming a CADC sustaining member is that this includes admission to CADC's annual seminar at no additional cost. In order to make this benefit more flexible and useful, the CADC Board has voted to amend this benefit to provide that the annual CADC statewide seminar may be attended for free either by the CADC sustaining member or by another member designated by the sustaining CADC member to attend the seminar in his or her stead.

We have learned that some CADC members have not been receiving our messages because their spam filters have blocked CADC e-mail announcements. Problems have come up as to some members who use popular Internet services such as AOL, PacBell, Adelphia and Verizon. Also, Gmail hides CADC e-mails in the Promotions folder. Look for the tab at the top of the screen from your inbox. CADC sends out notices from the following addresses:,,,,, and If you have not been receiving CADC messages from these sources, please check your spam, promotions, or bulk mail folders and unblock messages from these e-mail addresses.

Members should remember that our Web site is the place to indicate changes to your e-mail address. To make changes to your contact information: Log in to the Member Area and click on My Profile. At that point you will be able to make any desired changes to your contact information. When you have finished, click Update to save your changes.

In connection with Complete Equity Markets (CEM), CADC is offering its members a special deal on a custom-tailored malpractice insurance policy. This policy is relatively inexpensive and is geared toward CADC members who handle some privately-retained cases in addition to their court-appointed appeals.

For a copy of the CADC malpractice insurance policy and an application, call Complete Equity Markets and ask CEM to mail you copies of these materials. Telephone 1-800-323-6234. You can look over the policy and, if you want to obtain coverage, the application takes less than a hour to fill out. You will get a premium quote within a couple of weeks after submitting your application. The premium varies with the percentage of your income derived from non-project appointed cases.

You can obtain this information – the policy application and a price quote – by going to the Complete Equity Markets Web site at You can submit your application or send CEM an e-mail at that site along with any questions you may have.

Monthly payments and financing for the payment of annual premiums is now available at very low rates. Contact Complete Equity Markets for more information. If you have any questions regarding this insurance policy contact CADC members Gordon Brownell at or call (707) 942-4565, or Dave Lampkin at or call (805) 389-7769.


PARALEGAL/LEGAL SECRETARY ASSISTANCE: I have over 30 years experience in all fields of law, including state and federal appeals. I am offering my services to panel attorneys who need an efficient paralegal/secretary who will format, edit, proof-read, bookmark, generate authorities, and combine documents using Adobe Pro, if needed and will do so in a quick and efficient manner. I will also upload and TrueFile your briefs with the district courts, as well as petitions for review with the Supreme Court. If you need help taking care of these non-billable details, you may contact Debra Lancaster by email at for more information as to my fee per brief, including attorney references.


Is your client experiencing legal issues based on their criminal conviction? Do you want to learn more about the collateral consequences affecting your clients? Root & Rebound is a reentry legal education & advocacy center whose mission is to increase access to justice and opportunity for people in reentry from prison and jail. Our three-pronged approach consists of public education on the reentry legal barriers through publications and trainings based on our Roadmap to Reentry Guide; direct services through our Friday legal hotline and reentry legal clinics; and systems reform efforts to strengthen the reentry infrastructure. We are here to support individuals in reentry and the professionals who support them. Find the Guide, our Toolkits, our Free Online Training Hub and information on in-person trainings on our website, Our Reentry Legal Hotline is every Friday from 9am to 5pm, and we accept collect calls. Our number is 510-279-4662.


THREE EXECUTIVE OFFICE SUITES AVAILABLE FOR LEASE IN DELUXE SAN MARCOS BUILDING.  Starting at $550 per month; currently there are 3 suites available; 1 is $550.000; 1 is $600 and the largest is $650.00; if someone were to rent 2 offices, there could definitely be a discount to $1,100.00 for a  total of 2 offices; ideal for attorney, psychologist, real estate, etc.  Luxurious lobby, spacious kitchen, executive conference room, ample parking, shared, secure bathrooms, shared internet available.  Additional expenses include common area maintenance fees.  Contact Rachel Vrana, Attorney at Law, APC, JD, 950 Boardwalk, Suite 304, San Marcos, CA 92078, 760.634.2403;


EXPERIENCED LITIGATOR SEEKING CONTRACT WORK/EXPERIENCE IN APPEALS. I am a new CADC member. With 12 years of civil litigation and criminal defense experience in state and Federal Court, I would like to assist you in your appellate cases in order to gain experience and transition from litigation to a full time appellate practice. I have excellent legal research and writing/briefing skills, and my own research tools so that I can work independently/remotely. Have previously assisted with appeals and drafted Writ of Habeas Corpus and Writ of Mandate.  Rates: hourly or flat fee (negotiable & reasonable rates). References available. Contact Anahita Hasheminejad: 619-889-2439 or Anahita@MyCAJustice.comFormer Former

Experienced California capital litigator (over 17 years in trial, state post-conviction, and federal habeas courts) seeks contract work, including legal research and writing and creating RT notes.  Rates negotiable.  Michael Lasher, 510-507-2869.

Former manager of CAP/LA's indigent felony appeals program available to assist appellate and trial practitioners with research, writing (SOFs, discrete arguments, pre-trial motions), editing briefs, trial prep, and detailed transcript digests. Let me improve your case management efficiency. More than 25 years of experience. Professional references and writing samples available. Reasonable hourly rates. Please contact Robert Pearsall, JD, L/P/C Strategies at: 510.387.4670 or

CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY PROVIDING LEGAL RESEARCH AND WRITING ASSISTANCE. Criminal defense attorney in Los Angeles for over six years. Panel attorney for the California Appellate Project as well as for the Los Angeles and Riverside misdemeanor appeal panels. Available to assist with research and writing on all criminal matters. Rates negotiable - hourly or flat fee. JD from USC Law, BA from UC Berkeley. Resume, references and writing samples available upon request. Please contact Brad Kaiserman at 310-367-7632 or

Third year attorney based in northern San Diego County available for freelance legal research and writing.  Strong interest in criminal appeals.  Especially interested in mentor-mentee relationship with established panel attorney.  Previous experience working for Appeals, Writs, and Trials section of the California Attorney General’s Office as a student intern and a volunteer attorney, and for the 4th District Court of Appeal, Div. 1 as a Visiting Attorney.  Resume, writing samples, and references available upon request.  Please send any inquiries to

MILITARY SPOUSE ATTORNEY - EXCELLENT SKILLS - SEEKING EXPERIENCE - Newly barred attorney, seeking mentor to pass along panel cases.  Experience includes  Judicial Externship for the Hon. Judith Haller in the 4th District Court of Appeal, Div. One; Clinical Internship and Post-Bar position with the Attorney General's Office.  Authored Respondent's Briefs and argued seven times in the Courts of Appeal.  Won National Moot Court Championship, published in Whittier Journal of Child and Family Advocacy. - resume available at

PARALEGAL/LEGAL SECRETARY ASSISTANCE: Are you a solo practitioner who needs help taking care of the details? Let me help. My name is Zina Wyman, and I have spent over 15 years working in criminal defense and criminal appeals. I graduated from The University of San Diego, and received my paralegal certificate while still an undergraduate. I am efficient and accurate.
• Get Your Mail Organize. Have your legal mail sent to my inexpensive safe and secure mailbox. I will sort, scan and send it back to you organizaed through Dropbox. $45 for mailbox $6.25/15 minutes scanning.
• Clean out your In-Box. Inbox stuffed with legal emails that need to be moved to client files? Forward them to me and I will gladly create PDFs and return them via Dropbox. $25.00 hour.
• Document Completion. Do you need someone to polish that brief, or convert PDF's to Word Perfect documents? Starting $35.00 hour.
• Document Pick Up. Need to get documents but you can't get out of court, the office or some other emergency? Give me the task, and I'll take care of it, and you. (*Travel in Southern California; Yuma, Arizona. Time for travel plus mileage.)
Don't see what you need? Just ask! Other services available on request. Contact me today for rates and further details. 619-241-1325 or

CADC member with 20 plus years’ experience will summarize Reporter’s Transcripts and/or compose draft Statements of Facts for appellate briefs. Also available for accurate preparation of tables and correction of cites where needed (California Style Manual or Bluebook). Rates beginning at $35 per hr. 24-Hour turn around for tables (only) will normally be available. Contact Marilyn Mobert @ 916-214-2646 or

SEEKING CRIMINAL APPEAL EXPERIENCE, WILL WORK PRO BONO. Former Public Defenders. Husband and wife team. Strong research and writing skills. Previous experience includes adult criminal trials, preliminary hearings, juvenile adjudications, and the Innocence Project of New York. Willing to travel. Alicia is fluent in Spanish. Please contact us (Brad Mahler or Alicia Ekland) at (530) 636-0020 or e-mail

LEGAL RESEARCH AND WRITING LAW PROFESSOR AVAILABLE FOR CONTRACT WORK. I have taught legal research, writing and analysis courses at Golden Gate, USF, UC Hastings and JFK law schools for 18 years. I am seeking appellate practice experience. Will work on criminal and civil projects. Member CADC. Univ. of San Francisco School of Law Graduate. Admitted to State Bar 1991. Please contact Rosemary La Puma,

JUNIOR PANEL ATTORNEY. Available to work on a variety of projects (criminal and civil). Flat fee or hourly. References, resume, and writing sample available. Active member CADC. 2001 Michigan graduate with appellate clerkship experience. Please contact Jasmine Patel at 415-846-4926 or

LEGAL ASSISTANCE. Let me assist you – part time student looking to assist you with errands, transcribing, proof reading, prepping EOT's, preparing briefs for filing, and preparation of table of authorities. Will work from your office (with my laptop), or my home office. Please call Tanya Hastings, 510-936-1695 or

PARALEGAL RECORD READER. I have been working for two Bay Area based criminal appeals attorneys for 7-8 years. I will take detailed notes on Reporter's Transcripts and/or write highly organized, thorough draft Statements of Facts for appellate briefs. Excellent references. $35/hr. based roughly on 30 pages per hour, depending on your needs and the complexity of the case. Contact Renee at or (415) 661-6572.

TABLES OF CONTENTS AND AUTHORITIES. Fast, scrupulously accurate preparation of tables of contents and authorities for briefs and petitions. WordPerfect only (any version). If you like, I'll correct the citation style as needed (California Style Manual or Bluebook). 24-hour turnaround for most briefs. $75/hr. payable on completion of my work. Marty Kassman, (415) 564-6732,

TOP NOTCH LEGAL RESEARCHER AND WRITER, a retired attorney, available to serve you. If you want to outsource work in order to expand your practice or are already overburdened, please contact me. I can provide you with relief by completing high quality research and writing projects for you. Contact Michael Friedman at or (510) 758-4045.

CRIMINAL DEFENSE AND CONSUMER LAWYER WANTS SUPERVISED WORK TO GAIN EXPERIENCE IN APPELLATE AND/OR HABEAS LAW. I am a new CADC member. I have been a member of the Cal Bar since, 1975, doing PI, Criminal Defense and Consumer Law in Marin, Sonoma, SF, and East Bay. I have done a handful of Federal and State appeals and would like to work under supervision to gain experience doing appellate and/or habeas work. I have Westlaw and good analytical writing and research skills. Greg Anton, PO Box 299, Lagunitas, CA 94938; (415) 789-8535;

SEEKING CRIMINAL APPEAL EXPERIENCE. Golden Gate University 2001 grad with law and motion and civil appellate experience seeks experience writing criminal appeals. Availability to assist with research and drafting. Very reasonable and negotiable fee. Please contact Jeffrey Ginsberg at

HASTINGS GRADUATE BASED IN WASHINGTON, D.C. PROVIDES RESEARCH & WRITING SERVICES TO ATTORNEYS, including memos, briefs, and litigation-related archival & public records research. $30/hr or flat fee. Contact Julie Masal at or (410) 477-0380.

SEEKING CRIMINAL APPEAL EXPERIENCE. Boalt Hall Class of '97 grad with large law firm experience seeks experience writing criminal appeals. Available immediately to assist with research and drafting. Very reasonable and negotiable rates. Please contact me at

SAN DIEGO/SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. Writing services. Award winning journalist with JD can help with appeals, background reports, investigations, memoranda. Accurate, prompt, reasonable, cheerful. Contact Richard Acello at (619) 297-1239 or

EXPERIENCED J.D. TO HANDLE CRIMINAL APPEALS. Nine years managing indigent felony appeals program at CAP-Los Angeles. Will provide transcript summary, analysis, research and writing. Also will proof/edit appellate briefs. $45/hour. References and samples available upon request. Contact Robert: or (510) 387-4670.

EXPERIENCED CONTRACT ATTORNEY WILL OUTLINE TRIAL RECORDS, DRAFT WELL-CRAFTED STATEMENTS OF FACT. For the past fifteen years, I have maintained a specialty practice preparing finely-crafted draft Statements of Fact for criminal and dependency appeals. I also provide a meticulous outline of the entire Reporter's Transcript, detailing all testimony of possible relevance, noting every objection, and summarizing proceedings that take place out of the presence of the jury. For the past several years I have worked on a part-time basis with Dennis Riordan and Don Horgan in San Francisco. I've recently expanded my practice, am now also working with two CADC colleagues, and would like to develop a few additional CADC working relationships as well. If I can be of help to you in your appellate practice, please contact me. Joseph Tieger, 925-377-6208 or JT@REACHINGOUT.ORG.


ATTENTION DEPENDENCY LAWYERS: California Juvenile Dependency Case Law Updates, 1991-2012. Summaries of most dependency cases since 1991 organized by subject. $85.00 for CADC members, public defenders and panel attorneys. Send check with order to: Janet G. Sherwood, Attorney at Law, P.O. Box 778, Corte Madera, CA 94976-0778.


SPANISH TRANSLATOR. Over fifteen years experience. Excellent for attorney-client communications, briefs, court orders and other legal documents. Quick turnaround time. Rate: $25 per client letter or $30/hour. Mateo Rosen. Phone (415) 846-7798 or email

Translation services for all languages and all types of certifications: Strommen is a local translation company specializing in certified translations. We can be your one-stop-shop for language needs. Call us M-F 323-638-9787 or email us at Visit for more info!

ENGLISH AND THAI translators provide translation and desktop publishing of a wide variety of documents by well qualified individuals. Extensive legal and business translation experience. Please contact Keith & Marisa Ensminger at tel 209-385-0425, fax 209-385-3747, or visit our web site at

SPANISH/ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS: Correspondence and other written communications translated between Spanish and English. Telephone translations, prison visits with counsel, and fax and e-mail services available. $30/hour. For additional information, please contact Kata Brownell at phone: (707) 942-0799; fax: (707) 942-8520; or email:


26+ YEARS CRIMINAL DEFENSE LICENSED P.I. AVAILABLE FOR TYPING TAPE TRANSCRIPTS, i.e., law enforcement/prosecution/defense interviews, dispatch calls, etc. – any choice of format in Word or WP; extensive investigation experience ranging from DUIs to/including 187 PC's & Death Penalty cases, so very familiar with vernacular, slang, codes; have typed many transcripts for court use in variety of cases; can type other documents in other specialty areas if format is defined; have equipment for video-to-audio transfer; have FedEx account for send/delivery; contact Kalli G. Bolanis, P.O. Box #1961, Joshua Tree, CA 92252; (760) 368-7486;

AV RATED LAWYER AVAILABLE FOR BUSINESS AND CIVIL LITIGATION REFERRALS, INCLUDING PERSONAL INJURY CASES. Charles P. Charlton is a civil litigation lawyer dedicated to providing the highest quality legal representation to consumers and business clients throughout Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino and San Diego counties as well as many other counties and cities throughout the State of California. Charles P. Charlton, 10100 Santa Monica Blvd., Ste. 300, Los Angeles, CA 90067-4107, (310) 651-9906.


The CADC Board of Directors encourages member questions and input. If you have a question or a suggestion for the Board, please contact any of the directors for your region. Your region is determined by the California appellate district in which your mailing address is located.

The current directors are:

Region One (1st and 6th Districts):
Garrick Byers, Point Richmond,
Alexis Collentine, San Francisco,
Patricia Lai, San Jose,
Gordon “Bart” Scott, Santa Rosa,
Heather Shallenberger, Aptos,

Region Two (2nd District):
Cynthia Barnes, Los Angeles,
Miriam Billington, Santa Monica,
Edward J. Haggerty, Diamond Bar,

Region Three (3rd and 5th Districts and out-of-state):
Beth Campbell, Sacramento,
Michael Allen, Tulare and out of state,

Region Four (4th District):
Alex Coolman, San Diego,
Laura Gordon, San Diego, LGORDON777@COX.NET
Dawn Mortazavi, Irvine,

In addition to the directors, who are elected by the membership every three years (or whenever there is a vacancy), the Board includes CADC's officers, who are elected annually by the Board. The officers also welcome ideas and questions from members.

The current officers are:
President, Jeralyn Keller,
Vice-President, Tonja Torres,
Vice-President, Nancy Brandt,
Treasurer, Christopher Nalls,
Secretary, Steven Schorr,
Acting Past President, Meredith Fahn,
Newsletter Editor, Randi Covin,
State MCLE Coordinator, Nancy King,
Webmaster, Eileen Manning-Villar,

Special role(s):
Court & Project Liaison, Marcia C. Levine,

Full contact information (including mailing addresses) for everyone named above, as well as for chapter contacts and past presidents, may be obtained from the Webmaster. For more information about the election, qualifications and duties of officers and directors, members can consult the CADC Bylaws. The Bylaws are available to members on our Web site.

Join CADC or renew your membership::

Want to mail in your application the old fashion way? CLICK HERE.

Renewing your membership on-line? It's never been easier! YOU CAN RENEW HERE. Renew by postal mail? CLICK HERE TO FILL, PRINT, AND MAIL! Note: Before sending the applications by mail, please do not write in the form field boxes. Please TYPE your information in the fields THEN print out the application. This way it's much more legible when processing your application.

California Appellate Defense Counsel (CADC) is a State Bar of California MCLE approved provider. CADC certifies that those activities marked with an "*" are deemed approved for MCLE credit in the amount and type specified and in conformance with State Bar's Rules and Regulations. CADC is also a State Bar Criminal Law Advisory Commission/Appellate Law Advisory Commission approved provider. CADC certifies that those activities marked with an "*" are deemed approved for appellate law and/or criminal law specialization credit.

CADC President

Jeralyn Keller
790 E. Colorado Blvd. #900
Pasadena, CA 91101-2113
FAX 626-683-8752

Mailing Address

California Appellate Defense Counsel
4470 W Sunset Blvd
PMB 708
Los Angeles CA 90027

eFlyer Questions or Submissions

Please contact Alex Coolman.

Local Chapter Meetings

Bay Area Dependency Counsel

DATE: Thursday, November 16, 2017
TIME: 12-2 pm (CLE from 12:15-1:45p.m. – 1.5)
PLACE: SF Law Library, 1145 Market Street, 4th Floor
EVENT: “New Federal ICWA Regulations and Guidelines and Issues for California: What Practitioners Need to Know” by Ann Gilmour, Attorney, Judicial Council of California, Center for Families, Children & the Courts.

FOR MORE INFO: Please contact chapter co-chairs Jessica Ronco or Carol Koenig at for more information.

Central Coast Chapter

DATE: Usually Third Thursday or Friday of the Month
(We set the specific date each month based on schedules of participants)
TIME: 12:00 noon
PLACE: Cafe Roma, At Railroad and Osos Streets, across from the Amtrak Station.
EVENT: Lunch

FOR MORE INFO: Contact Mark R. Feeser at

Davis Appellate Dependency Attorneys

DATE: Monday, November 13, 2017
TIME: 12:00 noon – 2:00 p.m. (Program 12:15-1:45)
PLACE: Village Pizza and Grill
403 G Street, Davis. Inside or outside, depending on the weather. Parking on the street is 2 hour free parking, 3 hour free parking is available 1/2 block away in the parking tower on 4th Street.
TOPIC: September 2017 and October 2017 Published Dependency Cases and discussion of current case issues.
MCLE: 1.5 hrs. (from 12:15-1:45 p.m.) general MCLE, Legal Ethics, and appellate specialization credit.

RSVP: Please RSVP and contact Linda J. Conrad at for more information.

LA South Bay Chapter

DATE: November 29, 2017
TIME: 12:00 noon – 1:30 p.m.
PLACE: Whale & Ale, 7th Street, San Pedro
EVENT: ONE HOUR ETHICS MCLE. Miriam Billington will present regarding “Ethical Issues for Appellate Lawyers.”

FOR MORE INFO: Please contact Jean at

Marin Chapter

DATE: November 17, 2017
TIME: 12:00 noon to 1:30 p.m. (Bring your lunch!)
PLACE: 49 N. Knolls Road, Mill Valley CA 94941
EVENT: 1 hour MCLE presentation on “Rediscovering & Reimagining the California Constitution” by J. Bradley O’Connell, FDAP Asst. Director and constitutional analyst extraordinaire.
Please RSVP in advance!

FOR MORE INFO: Before the day:
On the day (and for directions): 415-380-8197.

Nevada County Chapter

DATE: Monday, November 6, 2017
TIME: 12:00 noon
PLACE: Ike’s Quarter Café, 401 Commercial St, Nevada City, CA
EVENTS: appellate defense lawyers, keepin’ it real

FOR MORE INFO: RSVP/Info: contact Stephen Greenberg at

Orange County Chapter

No info available.

For chapter information contact Dawn Mortazavi at

Pasadena / San Gabriel Valley Chapter

DATE: Thursday, November 16, 2017
TIME: 6:00 – 8:00 p.m.
PLACE: Home Restaurant, 2500 Riverside Dr, Los Angeles, CA 90039
EVENT: Monthly MCLE.

For more info, contact Tonja Torres at or Chris Nalls at

Redwood Empire Appellate Lawyers [REAL]

REAL Chapter Annual Mendocino Retreat

DATE: Saturday, November 4, 2017
TIME: 12:30 p.m.
PLACE: Law Offices of Rod Jones, Mendocino, CA
EVENT: Annual REAL Chapter Mendocino Retreat and Roundtable. Bring your own lunch, plus one hour MCLE on the Current Application of the Confrontation Clause in California Courts. Dinner at a special Mendocino restaurant on Saturday night.

FOR MORE INFO:Gordon Brownell at or (707) 942-4565.

Sacramento Chapter

No info available.

For chapter information contact Karriem Baker at

San Diego Chapter

Annual Holiday Party
Date/Time/Place TBA – watch for the Evite. If you are not receiving Evite notifications, contact Laura at

San Diego Dependency Chapter

No information available.

FOR MORE INFO: Contact Tony Taylor Buck at

San Francisco Bay Area

DATE: Monday, December 11, 2017
TIME: 4:30-5:30 p.m.
PLACE: San Francisco Law Library, 1145 Market St., 4th floor (across from UN Plaza). BART and MUNI accessible, parking nearby.
EVENT: Bill Balin on the "specialty" topic -- Competence. 1 hour MCLE specialty credit. No charge for CADC members, others $10.

For chapter information contact Nancy Brandt ( or Sidney Hollar (, Chapter Co-Chairs.

San Jose Chapter

No information available.

For chapter information contact Teresa Biagini at or (408) 761-0764.

Santa Cruz/Monterey Chapter

No information available.

For chapter information contact one of the chapter co-chairs: Susannah McNamara (, Heather Shallenberger ( or Jeanine Strong (